Vbus Droop

USB 2.0 Specification, Section
USB 3.0 Specification, Section

This test is only applicable if the hub or host have more than one downstream port.For this test all ports are loaded according to table at the drop page except one port is loaded with a dynamic load. This dynamic load switch every second a load on and off while we observe the Vbus droop effect on the other ports. Usually the port most near to the dynamic load has the most effect but this is not always so. The droop effect may no exceed 330mV. The dynamic load is 100mA/10uF for USB 2.0 and 150mA/10uF for USB 3.0. With this measurement the capacitor ESR, cables, fixtures have a big impact on the result.


Droop Setup

Below two droop results of the same hub ports and same cables the only difference is the test fixture.

USB-IF setup
result droop = 300mV = PASS
Tektronix setup
result droop = 638mV = FAIL
USB-IF setup Tektronix Setup

Below two droop results of the same hub ports and with same fixture the only difference are the USB cables

USB-IF setup with USB-IF cables
result droop = 300mV = PASS
USB-IF setup without USB-IF cables (longer cables)
result droop  = 527mV = FAIL
USB-IF setup

For USB-IF Logo Compliance the only valid fixture and cables are the one that can be purchased via the USB-IF eStore.

It's an easy fix to reduce the droop effect by using a larger capacitor over Vbus and GND. According to the USB 2.0 spec at least 120µF with low ESR should be placed over Vbus and GND on a downstream port. 

Keep the following item in mind for drop for testing:
- When measuring Vbus droop stress the host or hub with compound device in it's worst case power consumption.
- During testing use the power supply that is used in the market and when changing the power supply re-test Vbus droop 
- Many devices on the market take more current and have a large inrush then allowed so it's advisable to take more margin and therefore test with loads.